Adrenal cortex tumour
Location: Adrenal gland, on top of the kidney
Behaviour: Mostly malignant
Diagnostics: Endocrine lab tests and diagnostic imaging: ultrasonography, CT or MRI
Treatment: Surgery, drugs (that inhibit hormone production and/or affect tumour growth), radiotherapy
Prognosis: Depends on the presence of metastasis and tumour size
There are no pictures available for this tumour type
  1. Lunn, K.F., Boston, S.E. Tumors of the Endocrine System. Withrow and MacEwen's Small Animal Clinical Oncology, 6th edition, Chapter 26 (p 565-575).
  2. ​Sanders, K., Kooistra, H. S. & Galac, S. Treating canine Cushing’s syndrome: Current options and future prospects. Veterinary Journal vol. 241 42–51 (2018).
  3. Bokhorst, K.L. van, H.S. Kooistra, S.A.E.B. Boroffka, and S. Galac. 2019. Concurrent Pituitary and Adrenocortical Lesions on Computed Tomography Imaging in Dogs with Spontaneous Hypercortisolism. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 33 (1).
  4. Massari, Federico, Stefano Nicoli, Giorgio Romanelli, Paolo Buracco, and Eric Zini. 2011a. Adrenalectomy in Dogs with Adrenal Gland Tumors: 52 Cases (2002-2008). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 239 (2): 216–21.
  5. Mayhew, Philipp D., Sarah E. Boston, Allison L. Zwingenberger, Michelle A. Giuffrida, Jeffrey J. Runge, David E. Holt, Joseph S. Raleigh, et al. 2019. Perioperative Morbidity and Mortality in Dogs with Invasive Adrenal Neoplasms Treated by Adrenalectomy and Cavotomy. Veterinary Surgery 48 (5): 742–50.
  6. Arenas, C., C. Melian, and M. D. Prez-Alenza. 2014. Long-Term Survival of Dogs with Adrenal-Dependent Hyperadrenocorticism: A Comparison between Mitotane and Twice Daily Trilostane Treatment. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 28 (2): 473–80.
  7. Helm, J. R., G. Mclauchlan, L. A. Boden, P. E. Frowde, A. J. Collings, A. J. Tebb, C. M. Elwood, M. E. Herrtage, T. D.H. Parkin, and I. K. Ramsey. 2011. A Comparison of Factors That Influence Survival in Dogs with Adrenal-Dependent Hyperadrenocorticism Treated with Mitotane or Trilostane. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 25 (2): 251–60.
  8. Sanders, K., K. Cirkel, G.C.M. Grinwis, E. Teske, S.A. van Nimwegen, J.A. Mol, J.W. Hesselink, H.S. Kooistra, and S. Galac. 2019. The Utrecht Score: A Novel Histopathological Scoring System to Assess the Prognosis of Dogs with Cortisol-Secreting Adrenocortical Tumours. Veterinary and Comparative Oncology 17 (3).
  9. Lunn KF and Boston SE. Tumors of the Endocrine System. Withrow and MacEwen's Small Animal Clinical Oncology, 6th edition, Chapter 26 (p 571-3).
Clinical trials
There are currently no clinical trials for this tumour type.